In spite of the talk about Indian wars, Boonesborough had begun to feel fairly secure in the summer of 1775 after the large party had arrived. In such a mood on July 7, a party of three young girls went for a paddle down the river. These girls were Jemima kBoone, daughter of Daniel and Betsey, daughters of Colonel Richard Callaway.
Suddenly, they were attacked by five Indians, four Shawnee and one Cherokee. a violent struggle ensued, but the young girls were no match for their brawny captors and soon subdued and forced to travel as fast as possible through the woods, while being threatened by tomahawks if they tried to leave any trace.
Several hours passed before Boone, Callaway and three others were hot on the trail.
On the second day, the Indians with their captives had traveled thirty-five miles but were sighted and rescued as the girls had smartly left their mark by small sheds of cloth off their dresses. This display of resourcefulness of the girls set an example for other generations to follow.
This event attracted an amazed and interested people in Europe and resulted in the famous author, James Fennimore Cooper to write, "The Last of the Mohicans" and patterned after Daniel Boone and the children.
The CAPTURE of BOONE and the CALLOWAY GIRLS 1776
by Jack Kennedy Hodgkin
SIEGE of BOONESBOROUGH 1778
by US Army Major James Shannon
BUILDING the FORT 1775
by Harold D. Collins
Chief Blackfish had actually been born at Eskippakithika and familiar with the territory of issue as he led his band of Indians down the Buffalo trace to the fort for "the great siege" to take place.
Blackfish was a Pawnee chieftain and under orders from British Lt. Governor Hamilton. The fort was surrounded with over 400 Indians and a dozen French-Canadians led by Lt. Antoine Dagneaux De Quindre of the Detroit Militia.
This Siege continued for some time before Blackfish and his band of Indians and Revolutionary soldiers finally gave up. Daniel Boone and his young friend Simon Kenton became the heroes of this historical event of the revolution and Kenton famous ride was soon to come as follows.
Hodgkin with the late Steve Hall and Sculpture E. Carol Hale, Jr. with saving of D. Boone Stature 1975
THE FIRST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY in KENTUCKY May 8, 1775
by Jack Kennedy Hodgkin
PORTRAIT of DANIEL BOONE
Hung in Clark County Kentucky Courthouse 2021
The early Map of Kentucky by John Filson that published the first History of Daniel Boone. The artist I selected to accompany me with the paintings are shown and also I am including the list of prominent authors that wrote the history for my book:
The Establishment of Fort Boonesborough
Jack Kennedy Hodgkin 1975
Historical Articles By:
Jack K. Hodgkin - Artist
Herndon J. Evans - Editor of The Lexington Herald
Robert F. Collins -Supt. of Daniel Boone Nat'l Forest
James J. Shannon, Attrny and Pres. Madison Co. Hist Society
Henry C. Besuden - Famous Sheepman and Author
Dr. Quentin Begley Keen - Prof. History Eastern Ky. University
J. Winston Coleman, Jr. - Historian Author
Major James Channon - Art Communication, US Army
Clyde T. Burke - Ky Historian/Photographer
Dr. Hambleton Tapp - Kentucky Historical Society
Dr. Thomas D. Clark - Author and Distinquished
Professor of History, Eastern Ky. University
DANIEL BOONE at PILOT KNOB
Event of June 1769
by Jack Kennedy Hodgkin
In June 07, 1769 Daniel Boone found the deserted old Shawnee Indian village of Eskippakithika in present day Clark County Kentucky. He later described this historical event as: --------"The buffalo were more frequent than I have seen cattle in the settlements, sometimes seeing hundreds in a drove and the numbers about the salt springs were amazing!"
"On the top of this great eminence, we saw with pleasure the beautiful level of Kentucky"!
Boone was accompanied by his brother-in-law, John Stewart; and Indian Trader, John Finley that had stayed some time earlier at that place in 1771 and later when Finley met Daniel Boone when they both were Wagon Masters under the military leadership of young L.t. Colonel George Washington at Indian Wars of 1755 at Fort Duquene. Finley guided Boone and his party with three camp-keepers to this high pilot that was soon considered the path-way to the West and later Establishment of Fort Boonesborough.
CAPTURE of BOONE and the SALTMAKERS
by Robert Powell
SIMON KENTON'S RIDE of 1778
by Jack Kennedy Hodgkin
Assisted by Steve Long
Major John Todd, in Lexington, was the first officer to respond to the British-Indian invasion of Kentucky in August 1782, which laid siege to Bryan's Station on the 16th. The invading force consisted of more than 300 Indians and perhaps 50 whites, all under command of Capt. William Caldwell, an able Pennsylvanian officer, under British command.
The British and Indians sustained a loss of fourteen wounded and ten or more killed. The Kentuckians loss sixty-six killed and four captured. This battle was another loss of a son for Daniel Boone whose advice was not followed.
Blue Licks was the greatest disaster Kentuckians had known to that time. It was perhaps a needless tragedy and said to be the last battle of the American Revolutionary War.
BATTLE of BLUE LICKS
by USA Major James Shannon
Colonel Henderson and the Transylvania Company acquired 20,000,000 acres of land from the Cherokee Indians by treaty and attempted to form the 14th Colony -- to be known as Transylvania. There was trouble! Because two men, John Floyd at Dick's River, and James Harrod from Harrodstown had settled on land which Henderson had just purchased.
On May 8, 1775 a call went out for the election of delegates to the legislative assembly, being the first to convene. The assembly opened under the "divine elm" with a trunk of this towering tree of four feet from the ground.
After a twenty day assembly, a prayer was said for the Royal Family as delegates symbolized hope that God would lead them in making this new government effective - but a year later the American Revolution changed the nature of all events including Fort Boonesborough and Daniel Boone's position as made Colonel Boone.
by Russell May
(Saved Daniel Boones' Life
at Seige of Fort Boonesborough
Within days after this signing with the chiefs of the Cherokee Indians and representatives of the Transylvania Company led by Judge Richard Henderson, Daniel Boone and a party of frontiersmen moved along what later was to be known as "Boone's Trace" of the "Wilderness Road" from the valley of the Little Watauga, a branch of the Holston River to a point deep in the heart of Kentucky, where, on April 1, they began the building of the fort of Boonesborough.
(Captured Boone and Saltmakers)
and at The Seige of Boonesborough
As the year 1778 was ushered in, the settlers of Fort Boonesborough found themselves almost entirely without salt. Salt was used for curing meats and hides and a most important commodity.
Boone and twenty-nine men from the fort set out with their salt-making equipment for the Lower Blue Licks, forty miles north in present day Nicholas County. After difficult effort, several packs were sent back to Boonesborough, but on the afternoon of February 7th a band of 100 Shawnees captured the salt-makers and Daniel Boone with quick-thinking, soon realized they would be killed, so he relented and later became the adopted son of the great war Chief Flack Fish. Boone was named "Sheltowee", or Big Turtle as he was much admired byh the Indian Tribes.
With cunning trickery, Boone escaped his captivity and by foot and swiming the great Ohio River, he arrived in time to alert the members of the fort on a up-coming great seige about to occur.
MARKING the TRACE
by Russell May and Hodgkin
The story of Indian-fighter Simon Kenton's captivity and miraculous survival is on of the most remarkable examples of heroism and suffering borne by the Kentucky pioneer.
In September 1778, Kenton and two companions proceeded to the Shawnee village of Chilicothe on a spying mission. They were overtaking at the Ohio below Maysville . Montgomery was slasin, Clark escaped, and Kenton was captured. He was strapped to a wild horse as they hollered "You steal Indian horses" then beaten severely with legs apart, a pole laid across his chest and his hands secured to each end and a throng around his neck was tied to a stake stretching his head back, almost chocking him to death.
Having survived all this torture with amazement, he was delivered to the British at Detroit where he remained until July 3, 1779 when he escaped with the aid of a Mrs. Harvey (?), the wife of a Indian trader.
Somehow, Kenton re-united with his mentor, Daniel Boone as they continued to be instrumental in the Westward Movement of this new nation of United States.
On April 20th, some three weeks after the arrival of Daniel Boone's Trace-Marking party, the Judge arrived in person, accompanied by over forty prospective settlers with loaded pack horses, slaves and live stock.
Work on the fort progressed slowly during the spring and early summer of 1775, at which time the hunters, who went out daily in search of game, reported that Indian signs had ceased to appear in the country around the fort.
With this news, work on the fort ceased despite the urging of Judge Henderson, Daniel Boone and others.
While additional cabins were added from time to time, full construction was not completed until September of 1778, just prior to the Great Siege of Fort Boonesborough on the Kentucky River between present day Winchester and Richmond and not far from Lexington where settlements as also occurred.
TREATY at WATAUGA
Signed March 17, 1775
by Alfred Domene
Chester Harding Life Portrait of
Daniel Boone at 87
just before his death at Missouri 1820
ADOPTION of DANIEL BOONE
Steve Long - Artist Frame-maker
With the decision of establishing a new colony west of the Cumblerland Mountains, Judge Henderson employed Daniel Boone to locate and mark a foot and horse trail of Trace for prospective settlers to follow in traveling there.
The party of thirty riflemen with about 20 of the most experienced and capable frontiersmen to be found on the western border completed this difficult task. They included such men as Squire Boone, Michael Stoner, and Captain William "Billy" Bush and others destined to become famous in the settlement of Kentucky.
THE BOONES at CUMBERLAND GAP
by Russell May
Portrait of Daniel Boone
Painted 1975 for
Fort Boonesborough State Park
KIT CARSON PORTRAIT 2021
Hanging at Eastern Kentucky University
Catahecassa or Black Hoof
Lithograph by Charles Bird King
It is late summer of 1775 as a weary group of men, women and children pause on a mountain top. Their faces show the strains of travel, but their eyes sparkle at the vista before them.
Just one hundred more miles to their destination ----- BOONESBOROUGH!
The renown DANIEL BOONE at 41 has made this trip time and time again. He feels it secure enough to take his wife, Rebecca and his children and his friends to Kentucke, "the land of tomorrow"! They have crossed rivers without bridges, animal traces up and down mountains, rested in coves or under trees at night, while being alert for Indian ambushes or attacks.
Passing the burial spot of their son James, who had been tortured and killed by Indians two years before by coming with his father, Daniel, still led this large party to move on to complete building the fort!